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The Preservation and Repair of Ancient Books
  
DOI:10.11980/j.issn.0254-508X.2018.08.011
Key Words:ancient books  paper making  conservation  repair
Fund Project:古籍脱酸增强关键技术与设备研发。
Author NameAffiliation
FAN Hui-ming* State Key Lab of Pulp and Paper EngineeringSouth China University of TechnologyGuangzhouGuangdong Province510640 
GUO Ming-feng State Key Lab of Pulp and Paper EngineeringSouth China University of TechnologyGuangzhouGuangdong Province510640 
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Abstract:The preservation and repair of ancient books has become the focus of research in the universities, libraries and archive centers.Considered that ancient books and documents are important carrier of humanbeing’s written heritage, it is vital to take effective actions to deal with the aging of paper.In this paper the chemical mechanisms of paper aging,such as acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of cellulose in paper fibers(the dominating factor in the deterioration of book and paper collections) and oxidation of cellulose by atmospheric oxygen were discussed.In terms of conservation methods, deacidification processes and the strengthening techniques were introduced.Meanwhile, in paper manufacture aspect alkaline papermaking should serve as a long-term solution against the deterioration of the paper, besides, adding some additives could also prevent the aging of paper.
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