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纸质滤嘴棒对卷烟主流烟气中有害物质的影响
Influence of Paper Filter Rod on Released Quantities of Harmful Substances in the Cigarette Mainstream Smoke
收稿日期:  
DOI:10.11980/j.issn.0254-508X.2014.06.007
关键词:  纸质滤嘴棒  醋酸纤维滤嘴棒  主流烟气  吸附
Key Words:paper filter rod  acetate filter rod  mainstream smoke  adsorption
基金项目:云南中烟工业有限责任公司科技开发项目(2013FL09)。
作者单位
曾万怡1,2 1.红塔烟草(集团)有限责任公司技术中心云南玉溪6531002.昆明理工大学化学工程学院云南昆明650000 
向能军1,* 1.红塔烟草(集团)有限责任公司技术中心云南玉溪653100 
龚为民1 1.红塔烟草(集团)有限责任公司技术中心云南玉溪653100 
牟定荣1 1.红塔烟草(集团)有限责任公司技术中心云南玉溪653100 
祝琳华2,* 2.昆明理工大学化学工程学院云南昆明650000 
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摘要:为研究纸质滤嘴棒与醋酸纤维滤嘴棒对卷烟主流烟气中有害物质释放量的影响,考察了几种纸质滤嘴棒卷烟和醋酸纤维滤嘴棒卷烟主流烟气中焦油、烟碱、水分、CO、氢氰酸、甲基亚硝胺吡啶基丁酮、氨气、苯并[a]芘、苯酚和巴豆醛的释放量。结果表明,与醋酸纤维滤嘴棒相比,纸质滤嘴棒能显著地降低卷烟主流烟气中烟碱和焦油的释放量;纸质滤嘴棒卷烟主流烟气中氨气、苯并[a]芘的释放量偏低,氢氰酸、苯酚、巴豆醛的释放量偏高;纸质滤嘴棒对主流烟气中CO、甲基亚硝胺吡啶基丁酮的释放量没有显著的影响。因此,纸质滤嘴棒能有效地降低卷烟主流烟气中粒相物的释放量,在降低主流烟气中气相物的释放量上与醋酸纤维滤嘴棒相当。
Abstract:In order to compare the influence of paper filter rod and acetate filter rod on the released quantities of harmful substances in mainstream cigarette smoke,the released quantities of tar, nicotine, water, CO, HCN, NNK, NH3, Benzene[a]pyrene, phenol and crotonaldehyde in mainstream smoke of several kinds of acetate filter rods and paper filter rods were investigated. The results showed that comparing with acetate filter rods, paper filter rods could significantly reduce the emission of nicotine and tar in the mainstream smoke, the released quantities of ammonia and Benzo[a]pyrene were lower, but the released quantities of HCN, NH3, phenol, crotonaldehyde were higher in the mainstream smoke, paper filter rod had no significant effect on the released quantities of CO and NNK. Therefore, the paper filter rod could effectively reduce the released quantity of particulate matter in the mainstream cigarette smoke, and the released quantity of gas-phase matter in mainstream smoke was equal to acetate filter rods.
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