|Abstract:The application of modern paper chemicals started from Europe and developed for long time especially after wide spread use in the second half of the last century, paper chemicals have become an important raw material resource of papermaking. Today morden papermaking cannot be accomplished without the aid of various paper chemicals. In recent years, mature market countries experienced a decrease of paper consumption and paper production declined, affecting seriously the development of paper chemicals. On the other hand, emerging market countries, especially China are still in the period of rapid growth, and the paper production continues to rise, promoting the paper chemicals industry to expand. This article introduced the development of paper chemicals and the current situation. The application and future trends in China were described in particular.